THR Using a 3D Printed Custom Made Acetabulum Component: A Case Report
Vol. 11 | Issue 1 | January-February 2023 | Page: 17-19 | Lakshith B R, Adarsh U Tuppad, Shashiraj K Shetty, Edward L Nazareth, Kumar Mihir
Authors: Avinash P , Karthik Sangani , Pavith Janardhan T , Prajwal KN , Ajay Krishna, Prajwal K 
 Department of Orthopaedics, Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Address of Correspondence
Dr. Karthkik Sangani
Orthopaedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedics, Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: THR is one of the commonly performed adult arthroplasties in the world. Over the past 6 decades, Charnley low friction arthroplasty has evolved in design and concept. One among those recent advances is the use of 3D printing technology in arthroplasties. Purpose of this article is to discuss and share the details of a hip arthroplasty case where a customized 3D printed acetabulum component was used.
Case: A 3 year postop case of acetabulum fracture fixation presented with arthritis of hip. CT revealed a periacetabular massive bone loss. After considering all options, decision was made to use a 3D printed acetabulum shell.
Discussion: Complex THRs with special instrumentation and augmented implants are frequently seen in revision surgeries and post acetabulum fracture cases. Based on the size and pattern of the defect, IlioIschial cages, Triflange cups, Trabecular metal augments, CupCage constructs, Jumbo cups are some common options at a surgeons disposal while tackling an acetabulum bone loss challenge. A 3D manufactured component can be of aid when the defect is too large. It gives the advantage of being anatomically contoured. It also allows a porous structure for bone ingrowth.
Conclusion: Life size models of the pelvis and the component gives an explicit simulation of the surgery, including the component placement and trajectory of the screws. This effective preoperative planning can improve the surgical precision and reduce the complications. Literature on the survival rates and long term complications of such 3d printed acetabulum shells is limited. Studies on the long term outcomes with usage of these implants would be insightful
Keywords: 3D Printing, Complex THR, Customised acetabular shell
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|How to Cite this article: Avinash P, Sangani K, Pavith JT, Prajwal KN, Krishna A, Prajwal K | THR Using a 3D Printed Custom Made Acetabulum Component: A Case Report | Journal of Karnataka Orthopaedic Association | January-February 2023; 11(1): 17-19 | https://doi.org/10.13107/jkoa.2023.v11i01.059|